Burn Injuries on Construction Sites
Construction site burn injuries often result from unsafe working conditions that could have been remedied by maintaining a safe workplace. An article published in the Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation reported that between 1992-1999 the construction industry made up 13.5% of all occupational burn fatalities (Thermal Burn Fatalities in the Workplace, United States, 1992 to 1999; Brent Quinney, BS, Gerald McGwin, Jr, MS, PhD, James M. Cross, MD, Francesca Valent, MD, Allison J. Taylor, MPH, Loring W. Rue, III, MD).
Workers suffering burn injuries on the job in Washington are entitled to recover from third parties whose negligence resulted in the injury. Under the workers’ compensation scheme (L&I), workers may not sue their own employer directly, but may make claims against third parties, such as a general contractor or other subcontractors performing work at a construction site, and injured workers should seek legal guidance to determine whether they are entitled to compensation from any third parties.
Construction workers often face exposure to hazards that could result in electrical burns, chemical burns, steam burns, explosion, and fire. Common causes of burn injuries include defective fuel lines or tanks, live electrical wires, unsafe welding practices, and insufficient safety precautions taken with dangerous chemicals.
Thermal injuries are the most common type of burn injury and include injuries from steam, scalding water, fire, flammable materials, scalding pipes, and other heat producing equipment and machinery. Workers exposed to fire often also suffer smoke inhalation injuries, which are potentially more dangerous than the burn itself.
Some of the most serious construction site burn injuries are those suffered in electrical incidents. The U.S. Department of Labor reports that burn injuries are the most common electrical shock-related injury. Burns suffered in electrical incidents may involve tissue damage as a result of heat generated by the flow of electric current through the body, high temperatures near the body produced by an electric arc or explosion, and thermal contact burns suffered when skin comes in contact with overheated electrical equipment or clothing is ignited in an electrical incident.
Chemical burns are less common than some of the other types of burns discussed herein, but can be very serious. Chemical burns result when skin comes into contact with certain acids, alkaloids and other caustic chemicals present at the worksite. Dangerous chemicals often present at worksites include cleaning supplies, wet cement, paint, paint thinner, solvents, glues and other substances. Chemical burns differ from thermal and electric burns in that the worker’s reaction to the substance is not always immediately obvious, and may be delayed.
The Washington State Department of Labor and Industries have promulgated mandatory safety rules intended to protect construction workers from burn injuries. For example, in welding, the object to be welded must be moved away from all fire hazards, or all movable fire hazards must be removed from the vicinity of the work. Welding work also requires shields to confine the heat, sparks, and slag, and to protect immovable fire hazards. Similarly, rules govern toxic and hazardous substances, and specifically limit allowed chemical exposure, reducing the risk of chemical burns.
The attorneys at Kraft Davies, PLLC have experience handling construction site injury cases for victims throughout the greater Seattle area and all over the state of Washington, including Seattle, Tacoma, Everett, Bellingham, Olympia, Bremerton, Spokane, Yakima, and Wenatchee. If you or someone you know has suffered a burn injury on a construction site, call today for a free consultation.